Marlene Dumas





Marlene Dumas

Marlene Dumas born in 1953 in Capetown (SA), lives and works in Amsterdam (NL)


Known for her unique approach to canvas and her thought-provoking subject matter, Marlene Dumas is widely considered one of today’s most important painters. Her work is characterized by a sensual and gestural technique that is also swift, dry, and minimal, as if under pressure to leave only what is necessary. While she lives and works in The Netherlands, the artist was born and raised in South Africa, and her paintings have often drawn from her own experiences of living with apartheid. For over thirty years, Dumas has merged political discourse, personal experience, and art historical references in a richly layered body of work. Her paintings integrate complex themes—ranging from segregation, eroticism, or, more generally, the politics of love and war—to explore how image-making is implicitly involved not only in the cultural processes of objectification, but also in the way in which events are documented and collectively understood.

Marlene Dumas has been working with Zeno X from 1993 onwards. In 2014 her large retrospective travelled from Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam (NL) to Tate Modern, London (GB) and Beyeler Foundation, Basel (CH) in 2015.
Dumas has been the subject of many solo exhibitions at such institutions as the Museum of Contemporary Art, Tokyo (JP), Marugame Genichiro-Inokuma Museum of Contemporary Art (JP), The Art Institute of Chicago (US), De Pont Museum of Contemporary Art, Tilburg (NL), Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris (FR), The Institute of Contemporary Art, Boston (US), Museum für Moderne Kunst, Frankfurt (DE) and Tate Gallery, London (GB).
In 1995 she represented The Netherlands at the 46th Venice Biennale, together with Marijke van Warmerdam and Maria Roosen.


(photo: Wim Daneels)

  2017   'Hope and Fear', The Kupferstich-Kabinett, Dresden (DE)
      'Skulls', The Albertinum, Dresden (DE)
  2015   'The image as Burden', The Beyeler Foundation, Basel (CH)
      'The image as Burden', Tate Modern, London (GB)
      Marlene Dumas / Juan Muñoz: Drawings, Frith Street Gallery, London (GB)
  2014   'The image as Burden', Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam (NL)
  2013   'TWICE - Marlene Dumas / Luc Tuymans', Zeno X Gallery, Antwerp Borgerhout (BE)
  2012   'Sorte', Fondazione Stelline, Milan (IT)
      'Marlene Dumas', Galerie Paul Andriesse, Amsterdam (NL)
      'Love hasn’t got anything to do with it', Zacheta National Gallery of Art, Warsaw (PL)
  2011   'Forsaken', Frith Street Gallery, London (UK)
  2010   'Tronies - Marlene Dumas and the Old Masters', Haus der Kunst, Munich (DE)
      'Marlene Dumas', Museu Serralves, Porto (PT)
      'Against the Wall', David Zwirner, New York (US)
  2009   'measuring your own grave', The Menil Collection, Houston, TX (US)
      'measuring your own grave', MoMA, New York, NY (US)
  2008   'For Whom the Bell Tolls', Zeno X Gallery, Antwerp (BE)
      'measuring your own grave', MOCA The Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles (US)
      'Intimate Relations', Standard Bank Gallery, Johannesburg (ZA)
  2007   'Intimate Relations', National Gallery, Cape Town (ZA)
      'Broken White', Marugame Genichiro-Inokuma Museum of Contemporary Art (MIMOCA), Marugame (JP)
      'Light and Dark 1987 - 2007', Gallery Koyanagi, Tokyo (JP)
      'Broken White', Metropolitan Museum of Contemporary Art (MOT), Tokyo (JP)
  2006   'Man Kind', Galerie Paul Andriesse, Amsterdam (NL)
  2005   'Female', Kunsthalle Baden-Baden, Baden-Baden (DE)
      'Marlene Dumas', Nordic Watercolourmuseum Skärhamn, Skärhamn (SE)
      'Marlene Dumas', Kunsthalle Helsinki, Helsinki (FI)
      'Selected Works', Zwirner and Wirth, New York (US)
  2004   'Marlene Dumas', Frith Street Gallery, London (UK)
  2003   'Wet Dreams', Aquarelle., Stadtische Galerie, Ravensburg (DE)
      'Suspect', Palazetto Tito, Venice (IT)
      'Time and Again', Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago (US)
  2002   'Time and Again', Zeno X Storage - Borgerhout, Antwerp (BE)
      'Name no Names', De Pont, Tilburg (NL)
      'Name no Names', The New Museum of Contemporary Art, New York (US)
  2001   'Home, Marlene Dumas, Heaven', The Douglas Hyde Gallery, Dublin (IE)
      'Nom de Personne / Name no Names', Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris (FR)
      'All is fair in Love and War', Jack Tilton/Anna Kustera Gallery, New York (US)
      '100 Models and Endless Rejects', I.C.A., Boston (US)
  2000   'MD', Henie Onstad Kunstcenter, Hovikodden (NO)
      'MD', Camden Arts Center (UK)
  1999   'MD', MUHKA, Antwerp (BE)
      'MD-Light', Macba, Barcelona (ES)
      'MD-Light', Frith Street Gallery, London (UK)
  1998   'Marlene Dumas', Museum für Moderne Kunst, Frankfurt (DE)
      'Miss World', Galerie Paul Andriesse, Amsterdam (NL)
  1996   'Marlene Dumas', Tate Gallery, London (UK)
  1995   'Marlene dumas. MODELS', Portikus, Frankfurt (DE)
      'The Particularity of Being Human. Marlene Dumas - Francis Bacon', Castello di Rivoli, Museo d'Arte Contemporanea, Torino (IT)
  1994   'Chlorosis', The Douglas Hyde Gallery, Trinity College, Dublin (IE)
      'Marlene Dumas', Art Gallery of York University, Toronto (CA)
      'Marlene Dumas', The Arts Club of Chicago, Chicago (US)
  1993   'Marlene Dumas', Istitute of Contemporary Arts, Philadelphia (US)
      'Marlene Dumas', Goldie Paley Gallery, Moore College of Art and Design, Philadelphia (US)
      'Marlene Dumas', Institute of Contemporary Arts, London (GB)
      'Marlene Dumas', Bonner Kunstverein, Bonn (DE)
      'Give the people what they want', Zeno X Gallery, Antwerp (BE)
  1992   'Miss Interpreted', Van Abbemuseum, Eindhoven (NL)
  1990   'The Origin of the Species', Staatsgallerie Moderner Kunst, München (DE)
      'Couples', Museum Overholland, Amsterdam (NL)
  1989   'The Question of Human Pink', Kunsthalle Bern, Bern (CH)
  1984   'Ons Land Licht Lager Dan De Zee', Centraal Museum, Amsterdam (NL)
  2018   'Quel Amour!? ', Musée d’Art Contemporaine de Marseille (FR)
      'Monochrome: Painting in Black and White', Stiftung Museum Kunstpalast, Dusseldorf (DE)
      'Melancholia', Fondation Boghossian, Villa Empain, Brussels (BE)
      'Works on Paper II', Zeno X Gallery, Antwerpen Borgerhout (BE)
      'David Zwirner: 25 Years', David Zwirner, New York (US)
  2017   'Monochrome: Painting in Black and White', National Gallery, London (GB)
      'Van de wereld. Beelden van beslotenheid en bevrijding', Parcum, Leuven (BE)
      'I am a Problem', MMK 2, Frankfurt (DE)
      'I am a Native Foreigner', Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam (NL)
      'Die Augen der Bilder', Museum Langmatt, Baden (CH)
      'WeerZien', De Pont, Tilburg (NL)
      'Gray Matters', Wexner Center for the Arts, Columbus (US)
      'The Repatriation of the White Cube', Lusanga International Research Centre for Art and Economic Equality, Lusanga (CD)
      'Het Afwezige Museum / The Absent Museum', WIELS, Brussels (BE)
      'Portraits of Oscar Wilde and Bosie', National Portrait Gallery, London (GB)
      'The Power of the Avant-Garde', National Museum, Krakow (PL)
      'The Inner Skin - Art and Shame', MARTa Herford (DE)
      'Goede Hoop? Zuid-Afrika - Nederland vanaf 1600', Rijksmuseum Amsterdam (NL)
      'All Paintings are Uneven', ABN AMRO Headquarters, Amsterdam (NL)
  2016   'Adoptie. Tussen avontuur en kwetsuur', Museum Dr. Guislain, Ghent (BE)
      'Monochrome: Painting in Black and White', Stiftung Museum Kunstpalast, Dusseldorf (DE)
      'Monochrome: Painting in Black and White', National Gallery, London (GB)
      'Inside - Artists and Writers in Reading Prison', Reading Prison, Reading (GB)
      'Zie De Mens - 100 jaar, 100 gezichten', Museum De Fundatie, Zwolle (NL)
      'Urgent Conversations: Athens - Antwerp', EMST, Athens (GR)
      'The Power of the Avant-Garde', BOZAR, Brussels (BE)
      'She: International Women Artists Exhibition', Long Museum, Shanghai (CN)
      'The Female Gaze, Part Two: Women Look at Men', Cheim & Read, New York (US)
      'Opwinding / Excitement ', Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam (NL)
      'Drawing Conclusions', Rhode Island School of Design Museum, Providence (US)
      'Stellung Nehmen', Kestnergesellschaft, Hannover (DE)
      'Zot Geweld / Dwaze Maagd', Hof van Busleyden, Mechelen (BE)
      'Der zweite Blick - Sammlung Broska', Kunsthalle des Kunsthauses Wiesbaden (DE)
      'Open This End: Contemporary Art from the Collection of Blake Byrne', Ronna and Eric Hoffman Gallery of Contemporary Art, Lewis & Clark College, Portland (US)
      'The Dark Side of the Moon', Kunstmuseum St. Gallen, Sankt Gallen (CH)
      'Eins, zwei, Wechselschritt', Art Cologne (DE)
      'The Campaign for Art: Drawings, Part 1', SFMOMA, San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, San Francisco (US)
      'Painting and Mass Media', Tate Modern, London (GB)
      'Unfinished: Thoughts Left Visible', The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York (US)
      'Cabinet d’Amis - The Accidental Collection of Jan Hoet', Hotel de la Poste / Tour & Taxis, Brussels (BE)
      'Open This End: Contemporary Art from the Collection of Blake Byrne ', Miriam and Ira D. Wallach Art Gallery, Columbia University, New York (US)
  2015   'Prima Facie: Works from the Igal Ahouvi Art Collection', The Genia Schreiber University Art Gallery, Tel Aviv (IL)
      'Onrust', Museum voor Moderne Kunst Arnhem (MMKA), Arnhem (NL)
      'No Man’s Land: Women Artists from the Rubell Family Collection', Rubell Family Collection, Miami (US)
      'EuroScope: Un panorama de l’art contemporain en Europe à travers la collection de la BEI', Cercle Cité, Luxemburg (LU)
      'Lang Leve de Collectie', Dordrechts Museum, Dordrecht (NL)
      'I Got Rhythm: Jazz and Art since 1920', Kunstmuseum Stuttgart (DE)
      'Spiegeloog. Het Zelfportret in de Nederlandse Kunst', Museum voor Moderne Kunst Arnhem (NL)
      'Reality of My Surroundings', Nasher Museum of Art at Duke University, Durham (US)
      'Flaesh', Galerie Rudolfinum, Prague (CZ)
      'Donation Florence & Daniel Guerlain', Nordiska Akvarellmuseet, Skärhamn (SE)
      'Wrijving van gedachten. Antwerpen-Zundert', Vincent Van GoghHuis, Zundert (NL)
      'Gevaar en Schoonheid, Turner en de traditie van het Sublieme', Museum De Fundatie, Zwolle (NL)
      'La Grande Madre', Fondazione Nicola Trussardi, Palazzo Reale, Milan (IT)
      'In the Picture: Fotografie als bron voor schilderkunst', Gemeentemuseum Den Haag (NL)
      'The Problem of God', Kunstsammlung Nordrhein Westfalen, Düsseldorf (DE)
      'After Picasso: 80 Contemporary Artists', Wexner Center, Columbus (US)
      'Silence out loud', Museum Kranenburgh, Bergen (NL)
      'Sense Uncertainty. A Private Collection', Kunsthaus Zürich (CH)
      'All the World’s Futures', 56th Biennial of Venice (IT)
      'Liberated Subjects: Present Tense', Fondation “De 11 Lijnen”, Ostend (BE)
      'Experiments with Truth: Gandhi and Images of Nonviolence', International Red Cross and Red Crescent Museum, Geneva (CH)
      'Picasso in Contemporary Art', Deichtorhallen, Hamburg (DE)
      'Guess What? Hardcore Contemporary Art's Truly a World Treasure: Selected Works from YAGEO Foundation Collection', MOMAK, The National Museum of Modern Art, Kyoto (JP)
      'Faces – Between Figures, Portraits and Masks', State Museum for Art and Design, Nuremberg (DE)
      'The Language of Flowers', Gucci Museum, Firenze (IT)
      'Open This End: Contemporary Art from the Collection of Blake Byrne', Nasher Museum of Art at Duke University, Durham (US)
      'Works on Paper II', Zeno X Gallery, Antwerp Borgerhout (BE)
      'Open This End: Contemporary Art from the Collection of Blake Byrne', The Ohio State University Urban Arts Space, Columbus (US)
  2014   'Queensize – Female artists from the Olbricht Collection', me Collectors Room, Berlin (DE)
      'The Nakeds at De La Warr Pavilion', Drawing Room, London (GB)
      'To have and to hold', Rubell Family Collection, Miami (US)
      'The Sea, Salut d’Honneur Jan Hoet', various locations, Ostend (BE)
      'Boom She Boom, Works from the MMK Collection', Museum für Moderne Kunst, Frankfurt (DE)
      'Roma Publications 1998 - 2014', Fondazione Giuliani, Rome (IT)
      'Experiments with Truth: Gandhi and Images of Nonviolence', Menil Collection, Houston (US)
      'ARTLOVERS, Histoires d'art dans la collection Pinault', Grimaldi Forum Monaco, Monaco (MC)
      'Une histoire, art, architecture et design, des années 80 à aujourd’hui', Centre George Pompidou, Paris (FR)
      'Biennial of Painting: The touch of the painter', Museum van Deinze en Leiestreek, Deinze (BE)
      'Manifesta 10', The State Hermitage Museum, Saint Petersburg (RU)
      'Room by Room: Monographic Presentations from the Faulconer and Rachofsky Collections', The Warehouse/Rachofsky House, Dallas (US)
      'Re: Painted / Schilderijen uit de collectie', S.M.A.K., The Municipal Museum of Contemporary Art, Ghent (BE)
  2013   'De collectie is binnen: Er was eens….de collectie nu’, Van Abbemuseum, Eindhoven (NL)
      'Chambres des Canaux: The Tolerant Home', 20 iconic canal houses, Amsterdam (NL)
      'Géricault. Bilder auf Leben und Tod', Schirn Kunsthalle, Frankfurt (DE)
      'Sluizen (Floodgates). Change of Poles', ‘Level 9′ at The Planetarium, Moscow (RU)
      'STOP MAKING SENSE: Nederlandse schilderkunst uit de jaren ’80', Dordrechts Museum, Dordrecht (NL)
      'Ik hou van Holland. Nederlandse kunst na 1945', Stedelijk Museum Schiedam, Schiedam (NL)
      'Folk Devil', David Zwirner, New York (US)
      'On Paper/Sobre papel', Centro de Arte Visuales Fundación Helga de Alvear, Cáceres (ES)
      'Punta della Dogana: Prima Materia', François Pinault Foundation, Punta della Dogana, Venice (IT)
      'Le Pont', Musée d’Art Contemporaine de Marseilles, Marseille (FR)
      'Divine Bodies ', The Laing Gallery, Newcastle upon Tyne (GB)
      'Opening New Space', Zeno X Gallery, Antwerp Borgerhout (BE)
      'Geteilt/ ungeteilt. Kunst in Deutschland 1945 bis 2010', Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden, Ausstellung der Galerie Neue Meister, Dresden (DE)
      'Specific collisions', Marianne Boesky Gallery, New York (US)
      'Axelle Red - Fashion Victim', Modemuseum, Hasselt (BE)
      'Cobra tot Dumas. Collectie De Heus-Zomer', Singer Laren Museum, Laren (NL)
      'Through a Glass Darkly. Faces Past and Present', Ernst Museum, Budapest (HU)
  2012   'Encounters, hidden stories from our own collection', Tropenmuseum, Amsterdam (NL)
      'This Will Have Been: Art, Love & Politics in the 1980s', Institute of Contemporary Art, Boston (US)
      Constant Permeke. Retrospective in dialogue with Marlene Dumas and Thierry De Cordier, BOZAR, Centre for Fine Arts, Brussels (BE)
      'Parelen', De Lakenhal, Leiden (NL)
      'Das eigene Kind im Blick. Kunstlerkinder van Runge bis Richter, von Dix bis Picasso', Kunsthalle Emden, Emden (DE)
      'ARTandPRESS', Zentrum fûr Kunst und Medientechnologie, Karlsruhe (DE)
      'Kids', Contemporary Fine Arts Berlin, Berlin (DE)
      'Figuurlijk. De menselijke figuur in de beeldende kunst', Museum Hilversum, Hilversum (NL)
      'This Will Have Been: Art, Love & Politics in the 1980s', Walker Art Center, Minneapolis (US)
      ‘Sint-Jan’, Sint-Baafs Kathedraal, Ghent (BE)
      'Istanbul Eindhoven: SALTVanAbbe Post ’89', Salt Beyoğlu, Istanbul (TR)
      'Struggle(s)', Maison Particulière, Brussels (BE)
      'ARTandPRESS', Martin-Gropius Bau, Berlin (DE)
      'This Will Have Been: Art, Love & Politics in the 1980s', Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago (US)
      Paintings from the Rubell Family Collection, Fundacion Banco Santander’s museum, Boadilla (ES)
      'Sidetracks. Painting in the Paramodern Continiuum', Stavanger Kunstmuseum, Stavanger (NO)
  2011   'Prospect.2 Biennal', New Orleans (US)
      'Max Beckmann - Faces and Contemporaries', Museum of Fine Arts, Leipzig (DE)
      '11th Lyon Biennale: A Terrible Beauty is Born', Lyon (FR)
      'Artist for Haîti', David Zwirner, New York (US)
      'The World Belongs to You', Palazzo Grassi, Venice (IT)
      'Undeniable me', Rudolfinum, Prague (CZ)
      'Tender is the Night', Museum of New Zealand, Wellington (NZ)
      'All About Drawing. 100 Dutch Artists', Stedelijk Museum Schiedam (NL)
      'Human Nature: Contemporary Art from the Collection', County Museum, Los Angeles (US)
      'Building the Contemporary Collection: Five Years of Acquisitions', Nasher Museum of Art, Durham (US)
      'Contemporary Collecting: The Judith Neisser Collection', The Art Institute, Chicago (US)
      'Africa. Objects and Subjects', Centro de Exposiciones Fernàn Gòmez, Madrid (ES)
  2010   'Dinea Bopape, Marlene Dumas, Zanele Muholi', Museum voor Moderne Kunst, Arnhem (NL)
      'Hareng Saur: Ensor and Contemporary Art', S.M.A.K., Ghent (BE)
      'MOTHER - New Images in Art and Literature', Kulturzntrum bei dem Minoriten, Graz (AT)
      'Just Love Me', Mudam, Luxembourg (LU)
      'Sao Paolo Biennal', Fundaçao Bienal de Sao Paulo (BR)
      'Africa. Objects and Subjects', CC Cajastur Palacio de Revillagigedo, Gijon (ES)
      'At Home / Not At Home: Works from the Collection of Martin and Rebecca Eisenberg', Hessel Museum of Art, Annandale-On-Hudson (US)
      'Contemporary Collecting: The Donna and Howard Stone Collection', The Art Institute, Chicago (US)
      'lignes et contours', FRAC Picardie, Amiens (FR)
  2009   'A Story of the Image. Old and New masters from Antwerp', National Museum of Singapore (SG)
      'ICA Collection: In The Making', Institute of Contemporary Art, Boston (US)
      'Mapping the Studio', Punta della Dogana, Venice (IT)
      'In-finitum', Palazzo Fortuny, Venice (IT)
      'Private Universes', Dallas Museum of Art, Dallas (US)
      'A Story of the Image. Old and New masters from Antwerp', Shangai Art Museum, Shangai (CN)
      'Fatal Attraction: Diana and Actaeon - The Forbidden Gaze', Compton Verney, Warwichshire (GB)
      'Ophelia. Sehnsucht, melancholie en doodsverlangen.', Museum voor Moderne Kunst, Arnhem (NL)
  2008   'Diana und Aktaion: Der Verbotene Blick auf die Nacktheit', Museum Kunst Palast, Düsseldorf (DE)
      'The Hands of Art', Martha Herford Museum, Herford (DE)
      'The Painting of Modern Life', Castello di Rivoli, Turin (IT)
      'The Hands of Art', S.M.A.K., Gent (BE)
  2007   'Trienal de Luanda 2007', Trienal de Luanda, Luanda (AO)
      'A Story of the Image: Visual Art as Visual Culture', Institute of Contemporary Arts, Singapore (SG)
      'Ziek', Museum Dr. Guislain, Gent (BE)
      'De 99 tot 999 euro show', BuroDijkstra ArtGallery, Rotterdam (NL)
      'Thank you: De schenkingen Merkus en Cleveringa', Stedelijk Museum De Lakenhal, Leiden (NL)
      'A Faithful Eye: Modern and Contemporary Art from The Netherlands, The ABN AMRO Collection', GRAM Grand Rapids Art Museum, Grand Rapids, MI (US)
      'The intelligence of the hand. Drawings from the second half of the XX's, from Morandi to Kentridge', Planetario Gallery, Trieste (IT)
      'The Painting of Modern Life', Hayward Gallery, London (GB)
      'As I Am You Will Be: The Skeleton in Modern Art', Cheim & Read, New York, NY (US)
      'Accumulations', ICA Boston, Boston, MA (US)
      'What is painting?', MoMA, New York, NY (US)
      'Sister Sledge', L.A.C. Lieu d Art Contemporarin, Sigean Corbieres Maritimes-Aude (FR)
      'Contemporary and Modern Masters', Richard Gray Gallery, New York, NY (US)
      'Artempo: where time becomes art', Palazzo Fortuny, Venice (IT)
      'Een verhaal van het Beeld ', MuHKA, Antwerp (BE)
      'Rockers Island - Olbricht Collections', Museum Folkwang Essen, Essen (DE)
      '100 Jahrs Kunsthalle Mannheim', Städtische Kunsthalle Mannheim, Mannheim (DE)
      'Inferno in Paradise: 10 years Alexander Ochs Galleries Berlin / Beijing', Alexander Ochs Galleries Berlin / Beijing, Berlin (DE)
      'De cirkel', Roger Raveelmuseum, Machelen-Zulte (BE)
      'TRANS CAPE - contemporary African art on the move', Trans Cape Africa, Cape Town (ZA)
      'Very Abstract and Hyper Figurative', Thomas Dane Gallery, London (GB)
      'Contour', Museum Het Prinsenhof, Delft (NL)
      'The Present: The Monique Zajfen Collection', Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam (NL)
      'Global Feminism', Brooklyn Museum, New York (US)
      'Leve de Schilderkunst! Terug naar de figuur', Kunsthal, Rotterdam (NL)
      'Verzameld: Een keuze uit eigen collectie 1986-2007', Galerie LUMC, Leiden (NL)
      'Works on paper', Zeno X Gallery & Zeno X Storage, Antwerp (BE)
  2006   'Under the Surface - Aanwinsten 2005-2006', Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam (NL)
      'Os Anos 80', Museu Serralves, Porto (PT)
      '25 years Zeno X Gallery', Zeno X Gallery & Zeno X Storage, Antwerp (BE)
      'EROS in Modern Art', Fondation Beyeler, Basel (CH)
      'Essential Painting', National Museum of Art, Osaka (JP)
      'Body Soul Face - the position of women from the 16th to the 21th century', Leopold Museum, Wien (AT)
      'Zurück zur Figur - Malerei der Gegenwart / Back to the Figure - Contemporary Painting', Kunsthalle der Hypo-Kulturstiftung, Munich (DE)
      'Afrika Remix', Mori Art Museum, Tokyo (JP)
      'Ecce Uomo', Spazio Oberdan, Milano (IT)
      'Infinite Painting: Contemporary Painting and Global Realism', Villa Manin Centro d'Art Contemporanea, Codroipo, Udine (IT)
  2005   'SELF PORTRAIT Renaissance to Contemporary', National Portrait Gallery, London (UK)
      'Take Two. Worlds and Views: Contemporary Art from the Colection', MOMA, New York (US)
      'Drawing from the Modern, 1975-2005', MOMA, New York (US)
      'Girls on Film', Zwirner and Wirth, New York (US)
      'Slow Art - Dutch and Flemish Contemporary Art', Kunstpalast, Düsseldorf (DE)
      'Soul - Bezielde kunst', Grootseminarie, Brugge (BE)
      'Afrika Remix', Mori Art Museum, Tokyo (JP)
      'Munch Revisited', Henie Onstad Kunstsenter, Oslo (NO)
      'The Experience of Art', Biennale di Venezia, Italian Pavillion, Venice (IT)
      'IDENTITA Nmadismo', Palazzo delel Papesse - Centro Arte Contemporanea, Sienna (IT)
      'Getting Emotional', ICA Boston, Boston (US)
      'Afrika Remix', Centre Pompidou, Paris (FR)
      'Non Toccare Donna Bianca', Castello d'Ovo, Naples (IT)
      'Afrika Remix', Hayward Gallery, London (UK)
      'The Triumph of Painting, 20th Anniversary Exhibition of the Saatchi Collection', The Saatchi Collection, London (UK)
  2004   'Nederland Niet Nederland: Aankopen van Nederlandse kunst 1980-2004', Van Abbemuseum, Eindhoven (NL)
      'In Bed', Toyota M. Museum, Tokyo (JP)
      'Diaries and Dreams', Ursulla Blickle Stiftung, Kraichtal-Unteröwisheim (DE)
      'Non Toccare Donna Bianca', Fondazione Sandretto Re Rebaudengo, Torino (IT)
      'Hin und Weiter', BAWAG, Vienna (AT)
      'Afrika Remix', Museum Kunst Palast, Düsseldorf (DE)
      '(In Search of) The Perfect Lover', Sammlunt Hauser & Wirth, St. Gallen (CH)
      'Marlene Dumas & Marijke Van Warmerdam: A Cura di Salvatore Lacagnina', Movergini, Galleria Cvica d'Arte Contemporanea di Siracusa, Siracusa (IT)
      'New Blood', Saatchi Gallery, County Hall, South Bank, London (UK)
      '(In Search of) The Perfect Lover', Hauser & Wirth, London (UK)
      'Termite Art Against White Elephant', Arco 04, Madrid (ES)
      '94-04 Zehn Jahre Gesellschaft für Moderne Kunst in Dresden', Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden, Dresden (DE)
  2003   "(In Search of) the Perfect Lover", Museum Dhondt-Dhaenens, Deurle (BE), (October 12 - December 21)
      'For the Record: Drawing Contemporary Life', Vancouver Art Gallery, Vancouver (CA)
      'Gelijk het leven is', 50 jaar Belgische en Internationale kunst uit de collectie, S.M.A.K., Ghent (BE)
      'Dreams and Conflicts: The Dictatorship of the Viewer', Biennale di venezia, Venice (IT)
      '(In Search of) the Perfect Lover', Staatliche Kunsthalle, Baden-Baden (DE)
  2002   'Loud & Clear', Stedelijk Bureau Amsterdam, Amsterdam (NL)
      'Der Akt in der Kunst des 20 Jahrhundert', Kunsthalle Emden, Emden (DE)
      'The Galleries Show 2002', Frith Street Gallery, London (UK)
      'Extreme Existence', Pratt Institute, New York (US)
      'Refuge', Henie Onstad Center, Oslo (NO)
      'Summer Exhibition', Royal Academy, London (UK)
      'From the Low Countries. Reality and Art from 1960-2001', Stedelijk Museum, Schiedam (NL)
  2001   'The Beauty of Intimicy', Kunstraum Innsbruck, Innsbruck (AT)
      'The Beauty of the Evil / De Schoonheid van het Kwaad', De Zonnehof, centrum voor moderne kunst, Amesfoort (NL)
      'From the Low Countries. Reality and Art from 1960-2001', Charlottenborg Udstillingsbygning, Copenhagen (DN)
      'Strippinggirls', Marlene Dumas & Anton Corbijn, Institut Néerlandais, Paris (FR)
      'The Contemporary Face: From Pablo Picasso to Alex Katz', Deichtorhallen, Hamburg (DE)
      'Szenenwechsel', Museum für Moderne Kunst, Frankfurt am Main (DE)
      'The Beauty of Intimicy', Staatliche Kunsthalle, Baden-Baden (DE)
      'Re-configuration', Modern Chinese Art Foundation, Ghent (BE)
      'Watou Poëziezomer 2001 - Een lege plek om te blijven', various locations, Watou (BE)
      'Re-configuration', Central Academy of Fine Arts Gallery, Beijing (CN)
      'Re-configuration', Yanghuang Museum, Beijing (CN)
      'Painting at the Edge of the World', Walker Art Center, Minneapolis (US)
  2000   'Shangai Biennale', Shangai Art Museum, Shangai (CN
      'Strippinggirls', Marlene Dumas & Anton Corbijn, SMAK, Ghent (BE)
      'Das Gedächtnis Der Malerei', Aargauer Kunsthaus, Aarau (CH)
      'Exorcism / Aesthetic / Terrorism', Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen, Rotterdam (NL)
      '12th Biennal of Sydney', Sydney (AU)
      'Kinder des 20 Jahrhunderts', Jesuitenkirche, Asschaffenburg (DE)
  1999   'Regarding Beauty', Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Washington DC (US)
  1995   'Carnegie International 1995', The Carnegie Museum of Art, Pittsburgh (US)
      'Ripple Across the Water', The Watari Museum of Contemporary Art, Tokyo (JP)
      'Dumas. Roosen. Van Warmedam', Biennale di Venezia, Giardini di Castello (Dutch Pavillion), Venice (IT)
      'Africus. First Biennale of Contemporary Art', Johannesburg (ZA)
  1994   '4x1 im Albertinum, Staatliche Kunstammlungen', Dresden (DE)
  1993   'Der Zerbrochene Spiegel. Positionen zur Malerei (The Broken Mirror)', Kunsthalle, Wien (AT)
  1992   'Documenta IX', Kassel (DE)
  1982   'Documenta 7', Museum Fridericianum, Kassel (DE)


  2014   The Image as Burden
Stedelijk Museum Amsterdam (NL) - texts by COELEWIJ Leontine, DUMAS Marlene, TOIBIN Colm, VAN DEN BOOGERD Dominic en VISCHER Theodora et al.
      Sweet Nothings - Notes and Texts (second edition, revised and expanded
Koenig Books, London (GB) - texts by DUMAS Marlene
  2012   Johannes Vermeer Prijs 2012 - Marlene Dumas: Acheiropoietos - Cheiropoietos
Boekmanstichting, Amsterdam (NL) - text by STIGTER Bianca
      Marlene Dumas: Sorte
Silvana Editorale Spa, Milano (IT) - text by KLIMCIUK Allessandra
  2011   Marlene Dumas: Forsaken
Frith Street Books, London (GB) - text by DUMAS Marlene
  2010   M. Tronies D. - Marlene Dumas und die Alten Meister / and the Old Masters
Richter Verlag, Düsseldorf (DE) - texts by DERCON Chris, KREMPEL Léon
      Marlene Dumas: Contra o Muro
Fundaçao de Serralves, Porto (PT) - text by LOOCK Ulrich, DUMAS Marlene
      Marlene Dumas: Against the Wal
lDavid Zwirner, New York / Radius Books, Santa Fe (US) - text by DUMAS Marlene
  2009   Marlene Dumas
Phaidon Press, London (GB) - texts by VAN DEN BOOGERD Dominic, BLOOM Barbara, CASADIO Mariuccia, BONACOSSA Ilaria
  2008   Marlene Dumas:- Magnetic Fields
Museum Kunstpalast, Düsseldorf (DE) - text by DUMAS Marlene
      Marlene Dumas: measuring your own grave
MOCA the Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles / Distributed Art Publishers Inc., New York (US) - texts by BUTLER Cornelia, DUMAS Marlene, MARK Lisa Gabrielle, MONAHAN Matthew, SHIFF Richard
  2007   Marlene Dumas: Intimate Relations
Roma Publications, Amsterdam (NL) - texts by BEDFORD Emma et al.
      Marlene Dumas: Broken White
Museum of Contemporary Art, Tokyo (JP) - texts by UEMATSU Yuka, HASEGAWA Yuko, DUMAS Marlene
  2006   Marlene Dumas: collana a cura di Francesco Bonami
Electa, Milano (IT) - text by BONACOSSA Ilaria
      Marlene Dumas: Man Kind
Galerie Paul Andriesse, Amsterdam (NL) - texts by ANDRIESSE Paul, DUMAS Marlene
  2005   Marlene Dumas: Female
Snoeck Verlagsgesellschaft mbH, Cologne (DE) - text by GARNATZ Eberhard
      Marlene Dumas: selected works
Zwirner & Wirth, New York (US) - text by VAN NIEKERK Marlene
  2004   Marlene Dumas: The Second Coming
Frith Street Gallery, London (GB) - text by DUMAS Marlene
      Marlene Dumas + Marijke van Warmerdam: Con vista al celestialeVerlag der Buchhandlung Walter König, Cologne (DE) - texts by FUCHS Rudi, DUMAS Marlene, VAN WARMERDAM Marijke
  2003   Marlene Dumas - wet dreams watercolors
Hatje Cantz Verlag, Ostfildern (DE) - texts by AMMANN J-C., DUMAS M., KNUBBEN T., OSTERWOLD T.
      Marlene Dumas: Suspect
Skira, Milano (IT) - texts by ROMANO Gianni, VAN DEN BOOGERD Dominic, ANDRIESSE Jan
  2001   Marlene Dumas: One Hundred Models and Endless Rejects
Hatje Cantz Verlag, Ostfildern (DE) - texts by MORGAN Jessica , GIAITSKILL Mary, Sir BELL Charles, DUMAS Marlene
      Nom de Personne / Name no Names
Centre Pompidou, Paris (FR) - text by STORSVE Jonas
  2000   Anton Corbijn - Marlene Dumas. Strippinggirls
Stichting Actuele Kunstdocumentatie, Amsterdam (NL) - text by CORBIJN Anton, DUMAS Marlene
  1999   Marlene Dumas: MD
MUHKA, Antwerp (BE) - texts by VAN DEN BOOGERD Dominic, DUMAS Marlene, JANTJES Gavin
      Marlene Dumas
Phaidon Press Limited, London (GB) - texts by VAN DEN BOOGERD Dominic, BLOOM Barbara, CASSADIO Mariuccia
      Kuns verklaar jou voëlvry
Dietsche Warande & Belfort, Leuven (BE) - text by DUMAS Marlene
  1998   Sweet Nothings: Notes and Texts
De Balie, Amsterdam (NL) - text by DUMAS Marlene, VAN DEN BERG Mariska
      Damenwahl: Marlene Dumas / Andries Botha
Siemens AG Kulturprogramm, München (DE) - texts by DUMAS Marlene, BOTHA Andries
      Marlene Dumas: Fantasma - She’s not a proper painter (just a type of part-time neo-conceptualist)
Fundaciao Calouste Gulbenkian, Lisbon (PT) - texts by MOLDER Jorge, SANCHES Rui
  1997   Marlene Dumas: Wolkenkieker
Produzentengalerie, Hamburg (DE) - text by VAN LEEUWEN Jolie
  1996   Marlene Dumas: Pin-up
Museum Het Toreke, Tienen (BE) - text by DUMAS Marlene
  1995   Marlene Dumas: Models
Oktagon Verlag, Stuttgart (DE) - texts by EIBLMAYR Silvia, VAN ALPHEN Ernst
      Marlene Dumas / Francis Bacon
Malmö Konsthall, Malmö (SE) - texts by BLOEMHEUVEL Marente, MOT Jan, DUMAS Marlene, FRANCIS Richard, KURJACOVIC Daniel
  1994   Marlene Dumas
The Arts Club of Chicago (US) - text by VAN LEEUWEN Jolie
      Marlene Dumas: Chlorosis
The Douglas Hyde Gallery, Dublin (IE) - text by HUTCHINSON John
  1993   Marlene Dumas: Blind Dates and Drawn Curtains
Moore College of Art and Design, Philadelphia (US) - text by VAN LEEUWEN Jolie
      Marlene Dumas
Bonner Kunstverein, Bonn (DE) - texts by POHLEN Annelie, DEXTER Emma
  1992   Miss Interpreted
Van Abbemuseum, Eindhoven (NL) - texts by KLEIN ESSINK Selma, DUMAS Marlene, VOS Marcel
  1990   Couples
Museum Overholland, Amsterdam (NL)
  1989   The Question of Human Pink
Kunsthalle Bern, Bern (CH) - text by LOOCK Ulrich
  1988   Marlene Dumas: Waiting (for meaning) - Loosing (for meaning)
Kunsthalle zu Kiel (DE) - text by BISCHOFF Ulrich
  1985   Marlene Dumas: The Eyes of the night Creatures
Galerie Paul Andriesse, Amsterdam (NL) - texts by DUMAS Marlene, ANDRIESSE Paul



De keuze van Joost Zwagerman

Terra Lannoo, Houten (NL) - texts by ZWAGERMAN Joost

      Inside Artists and writers in reading prison
Artangel, London (GB)
      The Power of the Avant-Garde
Lannoo Publishers, Tielt (BE) - texts by BISCHOFF Ulrich, ARNALDO Javier, DE BOODT Kurt, DUJARDIN Paul, ROGG Matthias, MÜLLER Jürgen
      Great Works
Prestel Publishing Ltd., London (GB) - texts by GLOVER Michael
      Donation Florence et Daniel Guerlain
Musée National d’Art Moderne, Aalborg (DK) - text by ORSKOU Gitte
      Sammlung Broska
Birgit and Dieter Broska - text by GOODROW Gérard A.
      Unfinished: Thoughts Left Visible
The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York (US) - text by BAUM Kelly
Bozar Books, Brussels (BE)
      Create with artists - An Art Activitiy Book for Everyone
BIS Publishers in collaboration with Stedelijk Museum Amsterdam (NL) - texts by HULSHOFF POL Rixt and PIKSEN Hanna
  2015   After Picasso - 80 Contemporary Artists
Wexner Center, Columbus (US)
      No Man’s Land - Women Artists from the Rubell Family Collection
Rubell Family Collection - Contemporary Arts Foundation, Miami (US) - texts by FREIMAN Tami-Katz, STOTHART Anna
      Open this end: Contemporary Art from the Collection of Blake Byrne
Nasher Museum of Art at Duke University, Durham (US) - texts by KOGUT Bruce, SCHWAN Barbara, BYRNE Blake
      Donation Florence & Daniel Guerlain
NAM Publications, Skärhamn (SE) - texts by NORDAL Bera
      I Got Rhythm. Art and Jazz since 1920
Prestel Verlag, Munich (DE) - text by CHENG Anne Anlin
Galerie Rudolfinum, Prague (CZ) - text by NEDOMA Petr
      Da lebt die Farbe auf unter den Fingern.
Verlag Freies Geistesleben, Stuttgart (DE) - text by SCHIEFER Olga
      Sinnliche Ungewissheit - Eine private Sammlung
Zürcher Kunstgesellschaft / Kunsthaus Zürich, Kehrer Verlag Heidelberg (CH) - text by KARABELNIK Marianne
      Drawing People: The Human Figure in Contemporary Art
Thames & Hudson, London (GB) - text by MALBERT Roger
      Picasso in Contemporary Art
Snoeck, Cologne (DE) - text by LUCKOW Dirk
  2014   Babel - Works from the Igal Ahouvi Art Collection
Igal Ahouvi Art Collection - text by SARIT Shapira
      De Zee - salut d’honneur Jan Hoet
Borgerhoff & Lamberigts nv, Ghent (BE) - texts by DEBOUTTE Melanie, FLECHEUX Céline, MAES Frank, THEYS Hans, VAN DEN BOSSCHE Phillip
      Manifesta 10 - The European Biennial of Contemporary Art, St. Petersburg, Russia
Koenig Books Ltd, London (GB)
      The Image of the Black in Western Art - The Twentieth Century - The Rise of Black Artists
Belknap Press of Harvard University, London (GB)
      Somos Libres II - Works from the Mario Testino Collection
RCS Libri, Milano (IT) - texts by WAKEFIELD Neville, OBRIST Hans Ulrich
  2013   donation Florence et Daniel Guerlain - dessins contemporains
Centre Pompidou, Galerie d’art graphique et Galerie du Musée, Paris (FR) - text by STORSVE Jonas
      100 Works of Art that will difine our age
Thames & Hudson, London (GB) - text by GROVIER Kelly
      Géricault. Images of Life and Death
Hirmer Verlag GmbH, Munich (DE) - text by SCHRADER Kristin
      Art Now Vol.4
Taschen, Cologne (DE) - text by WITTNEVEN Katrin
      The M HKA Collection - The Collection as a character
M HKA, Antwerp (BE) - text by LOZIC Maja
      Punta Della Dogana - Pinault Collection
Palazzo Grassi, Venezia (IT) - text by PETRESIN-BACHELEZ Natasa
      Axelle Red - Fashion Victim
Uitgeverij Lannoo, Tielt (BE)
  2012   Joost Zwagerman - Kennis is geluk
De Arbeiderspers, Utrecht (NL) - text by ZWAGERMAN Joost
      Western China International Art Biennale
Tian Ye Art Museum / Shapotou Tourist Area, Yinchuan City (CN) - text by QIKAI Zhang
      Focus - Een blik op 100 kunstenaars door Hans Theys
Uitgeverij Snoeck (BE) - text by THEYS Hans
      The Naked Nude
Thames & Hudson, London (GB)
      An Essential Guide to The Contemporary Artists: from the 1980s to today
BT Books, Bijutsu Shuppan-Sha (JP)
      Biënnale van de Schilderkunst 2012 - De mens in beeld
MDD & Roger Raveelmuseum, Deurle / Machelen-Zulte (BE) - texts by COESSENS Piet, DECLERCQ Joost, EECKHOUT Tanguy
      This Will Have Been: Art , Love & Politics in the 1980s
The Museum of Contemporary Art Chicago, Chicago (US) - texts by MOLESWORTH Helen, MERCER Kobena, LEBOVICI Eliabeth, TROELLER Jordan
      Art and Press - Kunst, Wahrheit, Wirklichkeit
Wienand Verlag, Köln (DE) - texts by KORTH Sophie, PETERSEN Hans-Joachim, RUDOLPH Tina, WEINHOLD Kerstin
      Sidetracks - Painting in the paramodern continuumStavanger Art Museum, Stavanger (NO) / Orfeus Publishing, Oslo (NO) - texts by MEYER Peter S., KYNDRUP Morten, SMITH Terry, SJÄSTAD Oystein
  2011   A l’eau - L’aquarelle aujourd’huiCentrePasquArt, Biel/Bienne (CH)
      Defining Contemporary Art - 25 years in 200 pivotal artworksPhaidon Press Limited, London (GB) - text by BUTLER Connie
      Une terrible beauté est née / A terrible beauty is born11° biennale de Lyon (FR) / les presses du réel, Dijon (FR)
      Ja, bezedporu / Undeniably meGalerie Rudolfinum, Prague (CZ) - texts by BRÜDERLIN Markus, WALLNER Julia, BROEKER Holger, NEDOMA Petr
      S.M.A.K. - het museum en de collectie - De StandaardLannoo, Tielt (BE) - text by VAN REETH Inge
      Il Mondo Vi Appartiene / The World Belongs To You / Le Monde Vous AppartientPalazzo Grassi, Venice (IT), text by HOUGHTON Gerard
      All About Drawing - 100 Dutch ArtistsStedelijk Museum Schiedam / Uitgeverij d’Jonge Hond (NL) - texts by BARNAS Maria, DEN HARTOG JAGER Hans, STEENBERGEN Renée, SÜTÖ Wilma, TEGENBOSCH Pietje, THEEUWES Nicole, WOLFSON Rutger
      Psychopomp CounselStichting Ateliers 63, Amsterdam (NL) - text by ZOLGHADR Tirdad
      Beelddenken - Meesterwerken in het MAS - Vijf eeuwen beeld in AntwerpenBAI, Schoten (BE) - texts by VAN CALSTER Paul, DE BAERE Bart
      NOW 50 Zeitgenössische Künstler - Die man kennen solltePrestel Verlag, München (DE) - text by FINGER Brad
  2010   Margins of silence - Helga de Alvear CollectionCentro de Artes Visuales de Caceres (ES) - text by VINUELA José Maria
      Lust und Laster. Die 7 todsünden von Dürer bis NaumanHatje Cantz, Ostfildern (DE) - texts by HORST Maria, EGGELHÖFER Fabienne, METZGER Claudine, MEYER Monique, VITALI Samuel
      Galerie Neue Meister Dresden - Illustriertes BestandsverziechnisStaatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden und Verlag der Buchhandlung Walther König, Köln (DE) - texts by BISCHOFF Ulrich, ROTH Martin, SOMMER Dagmar
      Ensor en de hedendaagse kunst - Hareng Saur - Ensor and contemporary artUitgeverij Ludion, Antwerp (BE) - text by CANNING Susan
      Selections from the Donna and Howard Stone CollectionThe Art Institute of Chicago (US) - text by KIRSHNER Judith Russi
      Africa Objetos y SujetosCajAstur Centro Cultural, Oviedo, Asturias (ES) - text by NADALES Salvador
      Rutas de Libertad - 500 anos de travesiaMinisterio de Cultura Colombia (CO)
  2009   Rebelle Art & Feminisme 1969-2009Museum voor Moderne Kunst / Publi Arnhem (NL) - texts by FALL N’Goné, VAN HAMERSVELD Ineke, VAN DER LINDEN Riet, LOONTJES Jannah, REIJNDERS Tineke, VAN ROSSENBERG Suzanne, VERMEULEN Ingelies, DE WAARD Elly, WESTEN Mirjam
      Painting TodayPhaidon Press Limited, London (GB) - text by GODFREY Tony
      Statements about What is painting? - East End Academy: The Painting EditionWhitechapel Gallery, London (GB) - texts by BLAZWICK Iwona, BORCHARDT-HUME Archim, OGG Kristy
      The Contemporary Art Book - The essential guide to 200 of the world’s most widely exhibited artistsGoodman, London (GB) - texts by BONHAM-CARTER Charlotte, HODGE David
      100 Contemporary ArtistsTaschen, Köln (DE) - texts by ALEMANI Cecilia, ASTHOF Jens, BELL Kristy, BONACINA Andrew, CORREARD Stéphanie, DZIEWIOR Yilmaz, HUDSON Suzanne, KERNBAUER Eva, LANGE Christy, LUND Holger, MANIA Astrid, MOURA Rodrigo, REHBERG Vivian, REKADE Christiane, RIBETTES Jean-Michel, SHOLIS Brian, SMITH STEWART Amy, TITZ Susanne, WARD Ossian
      De Bijbel cultureel - De Bijbel in de kunsten van de twingste eeuwUitgeverij Meinema, Zoetemeer (NL) - text by BARNARD Marcel
      The Judith Rothschild Foundation Contemporary Drawings Collection - Catalogue RaisonnéThe Museum of Modern Art, New York (US) - texts by RATTEMEYER Christian, LOWRY Glenn D., SCHOLIS Brian, TUMLIR Jan, HERMES Manfred, GRAW Isabelle, HERBERT Martin, GERSON Scott
      In-FinitumFondazione Musei Civici di Venezia and Axel Vervoordt, Venice (IT) - texts by DE WOLF Eddi, NORBERT jOCKS Heinz, POLI Francesco, ROMANELLI Giandomenico, MIKO Tatsuro, VERVOORDT Axel, VAN HOUT Nico
      Mapping the studio - Artists from the François Pinault CollectionPalazzo Grassi Spa, Venice (IT) - texts by PINAULT François, VEAUTE Monique, GINGERAS Alison M., BONAMI Francesco
  2008   Global Collectors / Collectionneurs du mondeCinq Sens Phébus, Bordeaux (FR) - text by KELLER Samuel
      Collection Art GraphiqueCentre Pompidou, Paris (FR) - texts by SEBAN Alain - PACQUEMENT Alfred - DE LA BEAUMELLE Agnès
      Art Now vol 3 - A cutting-edge selection of today’s most exciting artistsTaschen, Köln (DE) - texts by ALEMANI Cecillia, ASTHOFF Jens, BONACINA Andrew, HUDSON Suzanne, LANGE Christy, LUND Holger, MANIA Astrid, MOURA Rodrigo, REES Simon, REHBERG Vivian, SCHARRER Eva
      Diana und Actaeon - Der verbotene Blick auf die Nacktheit - Ausgeschämt? Von Scham, Verbot und lizenz - Über einige absonderlichketten des schauensHatje Cantz Verlag, Ostfildern (DE) - text by JAUCH Ursula Pia
      Stations - 100 meisterwerke zeitgenössischer kunstDumont / Monopol, Köln (DE) - texts by BORCHERDT Gesine, VON HEYDEBRECK Amélie, GÄRTNER Barbara, GROSENICK Uta, HOCHMANN Silke, KERN Ingolf, VON GUSTORF Oliver Koerner, VOELZKE Daniel, WERNEBURG Brigitte
  2007   Collection Art Contemporain - Centre PompidouCentre Pompidou, Paris (FR) - text by STORVE Jonas
      Bei näherer Betrachtung - Zeitgenössische Kunst verstehen und deutenWestend Verlag, Frankfurt am Main (DE) - text by AMMANN Jean-Christophe
      De schilderkunst der Lage Landen - De negentiende en twintigste eeuw - deel 3 - Open wegen voor de schilderkunstAmsterdam University Press, Amsterdam (NL) - texts by SILLEVIS John, SMETS Irene, STUMPEL Jeroen
      art & obscenityI.B. Tauris, London (GB) & New York (US) - text by MEY Kerstin
      Fotos schreiben KunstgeschichteDuMont Buchverlag, Cologne (DE)
      MoMA Highlights since 1980 - 250 Works from The Museum of Modern Art New YorkMoMA New York (US) - text by LOWRY Glenn D.
      Naderingen - Kijken en zoeken naar schilders - Tussen naar en geestigUitgeverij Atlas, Amsterdam (NL) - text by DEWULF Bernard
      Ziek - Tussen lichaam en geestLannoo, Tielt (BE) - text by VAN MOFFAERT Myriam
      La Collection du Centre Pompidou Musée National d’Art Moderne - Oeuvres choisiesEditions du Centre Pompidou / Editions du Panama, Paris (FR) - text by PACQUEMENT Alfred
      The Skeleton in Art - A Portrait of the Skeleton as a Work of ArtCheim & Read, New York (US) - text by TRICOT Xavier
      Atlas de L’Art Contemporain à l’usage de tousMAC’s - Musée des arts contemporains au Grand-Hornu (BE) - text by GIELEN Denis
      Women, Art, and Society - Fourth editionThames & Hudson, London (GB) - text by WHITNEY Chadwick
      The Painting of Modern Life - 1960s to NowSouthbank Centre, London (GB) - texts by HERBERT Martin, SCHWABSKY Barry
      JUBILEE - MuHKAMuhka, Antwerp (BE) - texts by DE BACKER Leen, DE BAERE Bart, DE VREE Jan, ROELSTRAETE Dieter, WATSON Grant, WILLEMSE Hans
      Artempo - Where Time Becomes ArtAxel Vervoordt, Antwerp (BE) - text by VISSER Mattijs, et al.
      Sequence 1 - Painting and Sculpture in the François Pinault CollectionPalazzo Grassi, Venice (IT) - text by GINGERAS Alison M.
      Citizens and Subjects: The Netherlands, for examplesBAK, basis voor actuele kunst, Utrecht (NL) - text by HLAVAJOVA Maria, DUMAS Marlene
      invention et transgression, le dessin au XXe siècle - Collection du Centre Pompidou Musée national d’art moderne Cabinet d’art graphiqueEditions du Centre Pompidou, Paris (FR) - texts by STOULLIG Claire, RODARI Florian
      De cirkelRoger Raveelmuseum, Machelen-aan-de-Leie (BE) - text by COESSENS Piet
      Leve de schilderkunst! Terug naar de figuurVeenman Publishers, Rotterdam (NL) - text by FLECK Robert, GOCKE Cornelia, De GOEDE Jannet, DEN HARTOG JAGER Hans, et al.
  2006   Life and Soul - portraits of women who move south africaDouble Storey Books, Cape Town (ZA) - text by ORFORD Margie
      Art and FeminismPhaidon Press Limited, London (GB) - text by PHELAN Peggy
      Painting People - the state of the artThames & Hudson, London (GB) - text by MULLINS Charlotte
      The 80s. A TopologyMuseu Serralves, Porto (PT) - texts by LOOCK Ulrich, et al.
      Eros - in der Kunst der ModerneHatje Cantz Verlag, Ostfildern (DE) - texts by BEYELER Ernst, BUGGE Ingried, VITALI Christoph
      Essential PaintingThe National Museum of Art, Osaka (JP) - texts by NAKANISHI Hiroyuki, DUMAS Marlene
      Zurück zur Figur - Malerei der GegenwartPrestel Verlag, München (DE) - texts by LANGE Christiane, et al.
      Tate Modern - The HandbookTate Publishing, London (GB) - text by DEXTER Emma
      Infinite Painting: Contemporary Painting and Global RealismVilla Manin, Codroipo (IT) - texts by BONAMI Francesco, CANARUTTO Sarah
      Le Mépris (contempt)SSP, Amsterdam (NL) - text by GROOT Paul
      The Portrait NowNational Portrait Gallery, London (GB) - text by NAIRNE Sandy
  2005   Black and White and a little bit of colourMuseum voor Moderne Kunst, Arnhem (NL) - text by WESTEN Mirjam
      Respect: Forms of community / Formes de cohabitations. Contemporary art from the NetherlandsMondriaan Foundation, Amsterdam (NL) - texts by ARKESTEIJN, HEIJNE, ZWAKMAN, BENALI, PETROVIC
      Art Now - vol 2: The new directory to 136 international contemporary artistsTaschen GmbH, Cologne (DE) - text by BELL Kristy
      pressPlay - contemporary artists in conversationPhaidon Press Limited, London (GB) - text by BLOOM Barbara, DUMAS Marlene
      Greater than the sum - Selection from the Craig Robins Collection of Contemporary ArtUniversity Galleries at the University of Florida (US) - text by VIGILANTE Amy
      Matisse MasterpiecesStatens Museum for Kunst, Kopenhagen (DE) - text by SCHWABSKY Barry
      Vitamin D - New Perspectives in DrawingPhaidon Press Limited, London (GB) - text by BURTON Johanna
      Miradas y conceptos en la coleccion Helga De AlvearMuseo Extremeno e Iberoamericano de Arte Contemporaneo, Madrid (ES) - text by PICAZO Gloria
      Self Portrait: Renaissance to ContemporaryNational Portrait Gallery, London (UK) - texts by CLARK T.J., JORDANOVA Ludmilla, KOERNER Joseph Leo
      Drawing from the Modern 1975-2005MOMA, New York (US) - text by D.LOWRY Glenn, KANTOR Jordan, GARRELS Gary
      The Blake Byrne CollectionThe Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles (US) - texts by GOLDSTEIN Ann, SCHIMMEL Paul, DARLING Michael
      Slow Art: Zeitgenössische Kunst aus Flandern und den NiederlandenMuseum Kunst Palast, Düsseldorf (DE) - text by VISSER Mattijs
      Soul: Bezielde kunst - Inspired ArtStichting kunstboek, Oostkamp (BE) - texts by VAN DEN BUSSCHE Willy, TORFS Rik
      51. international art exhibition - The experience of art. La Biennale di VeneziaFondazione La Biennale di Venezia, Venice (IT)
      Unlocked # 2: rabo kunstcollectie / art collection - H x B x D Een blik op de Rabo KunstcollectieRabobank, kunstzaken, Eindoven (NL) - text by BERENDSE Manon
      (my private) HeroesKerber Verlag, Bielefeld (DE) - text by HOET Jan, et al.
      The Triumph of PaintingJonathan Cape, Saatchi Gallery, London (UK) - text by SCHWABSKY Barry and GRINGERAS Alison M.
  2004   Identity - The ID of South African artistsStichting Art & Theatre, Amsterdam (NL) - text by VAN DEN ENDE Janine, KHAN Sharlene, WELLS William
      The Nude: Ideal and reality, painting and sculpture. From Neoclassicism to TodayArtificioSkira Srl, Florence (IT) - texts by BEATRICE Luca, CURTIS Penelope, FABBRI Paolo, GALIMBERTI Umberto, ZANETTI Uliana, GIAN FERRARI Claudia, POPPI Claudio, SMITH Alison, WEIERMAIR Peter
      Friedrich Christian Flick Collection im Hamburger BahnhofVerlag SMB - DuMont (DE) - texts by FIETZEK Gerti, GÖCKEDE Regina, KNAPSTEIN Gabriele, VOLLNAGEL Jörg
      In Bed - Images from a Vital StageToyota Municipal Museums of Art, Toyota City (JP) - texts by AOKI Mashiro, KÖHLER Stephan
      The 21st Century - Into the Future with Paracelcus / Das 21. JahrhundertKunsthalle Basel (CH) - texts by KELLEIN Thomas, DELL’OLIO Silvia, VIDAUER Simone
      Diaries and Dreams - Arbeiten auf PapierHöfle Ges. m.b.H., Dornbirn (AT) - texts by WEIERMAIR Peter, et al.
      Stripped Bare: The Body Revealed in Contemporary Art - Works from the Thomas Koerfer CollectionHatje Cantz Verlag, Ostfildern (DE) - texts by KOERFER Thomas, KARABELNIK Marianne
      Afrika RemixHatje Cantz Verlag, Ostfildern (DE) - texts by NJAMI Simon, ELLIOTT David, MARTIN Jean-Hubert, BERNADAC Marie-Laure, PICTON John, AMSELLE Jean-Loup
      Frankie - The Frank Cohen Collection: A SelectionArt Fortnight London (GB) - text by JACOBSON Howard
  2003   Rubell Family Collection: Not AfraidPhaidon Press Limited, London (GB) - text by COETZEE Mark
      Het Collectieboek - Van AbbemuseumVan Abbemuseum, Eindhoven (NL) - text by HAKKENS Anna
      Rayon Art’: L’art contemporain est-il chrétien?Editions Jacqueline Chambon, Nîmes (FR) - text by GRENIER Catherine
  2002   The ParadiseThe Douglas Hyde Gallery, Dublin (IR) - text by HUTCHINSON John
      Inmensidad intima - Una seleccion de obras del Museo de Arte Contemporaneo de GanteMuseo Tamayo, Mexico (MX) - texts by OSTRANDER Tobias , WITTOCX Eva
      Vitamin P. New Perspectives in paintingPhaidon Press Limited, London (GB) - text by HARRIS Jane
      Stedelijk Museum Amsterdam in 2001- JaarboekStedelijk Museum, Amsterdam (NL) - texts by FUCHS Rudi, VAN HEUSDEN Stevijn
  2001   “Bijlichtingen - Kijken naar schildersUitgeverij Atlas, Amsterdam (NL) - text by DEWULF Bernard
      From the Low Countries - Reality and Art from 1960-2001Charlottenborg Udstillingsbygning, Copenhagen (DN) - text by WAGEMANS Fred
      Timelines - Moderne kunst 1870-2001Taschen, Cologne (DE) - text by BOCOLA Sandro
      Oeuvres sur papier - Acquisitions 1996-2001Editions du Centre Pompidou, Paris (FR) - text by AILLAGON Jean-Jacques, PACQUEMENT Alfred, DE LA BEAUMELLE Agnès
      Beeldende Kunst. Collectie Vlaamse Gemeenschap aanwinsten 1996/1997/1998Ministerie van de Vlaamse Gemeenschap, Brussels (BE) - texts by LAERMANS Rudi, VERSCHAFFEL Bart
      Watou Poëziezomer 2001: Een lege plek om te blijvenLannoo, Tielt (BE) - texts by MANDELINCK Gwy, DEMEESTER Ann, LUIGI TAZZI Pier
      ReconfigurationCentral Academy of Fine Arts Gallery, Beijing (CN) - texts by MAGGIO Meg, WEI Lilly
      PatmosThe Douglas Hyde Gallery, Dublin (IR) - texts by HUTCHINSON John
  2000   Paint - Das Gedächtnis der Malerei. Ein Lesebuch zur Malerei im 20. JahrhundertAargauer Kunsthaus, Aarau (CH) - text by DUMAS Marlene
      Shangai Biennale 2000Shangai Fine Arts Publishers (CN) - texts by ZENGXIAN Fang, HANRU Hou, SHIMIZU Toshio, QING Zhang
      Présumés innocents. L’art contemporain et l’enfanceBalauze et Marcombe, Canéjan (FR) - texts by BERNADAC Marie-Laure, MOISDON-TREMBLEY Stéphanie
      Exorcisme / Esthetisch TerrorismeNAi Uitgeverij, Rotterdam (NL) - texts by SÜTO Wilma, HEIJNE Bas
      The Beauty of IntimicyGemeentemuseum Den Haag (NL) - texts by VAN ES Jonieke, SIEUW Chantal
      Modern Contemporary Art at MOMA since 1980MOMA, New York (US) - texts by VAMEDOE Kirk , ANTONELLI Paola, SIEGEL Joshua
      51e Premio Michetti - Europa - Different perspectives in paintingsMuMI - Museo Michetti, Francavilla al Mare (CH) - text by ROMANO Gianno
      Drawings 2000 at Barbara Gladstone GalleryBarbara Gladstone Gallery, New York (US) - text by KERTESS Klaus
      Mixing Memory and DesireNeues Kunstmuseum Luzern (CH) - text by VAN DEN BOOGERD Dominic
      De collectie. Aanwinsten Stadsgalerij Heerlen 1991-2000Stadsgalerij, Heerlen (NL) - text by THEHU Kim
      Five continents and one cityMuseo de la Ciudad de Mexico (MX) - texts by ROBLES Rosario, AURA Alejandro
      12th Biennale of Sydney 2000The Biennale of Sydney (AU) - texts by VAN ALPHEN Ernst, SCHWABSKY Barry
  1999   Pathologiae: sechs Frauen - ein Zufall - sei donne per casoMuseion, Bolzano (IT) - text by RAGAGLIA
      Otmar Rychlik - Kunsthaus Muerz - Jahresmuseum 1996Kunsthaus Mürzzuschlag GesmbH, Mürzzuschlag (AT)- text by RYCHLIK Otmar
      Learn to read art - Books do furnish a room - 1999 Spring UpdatePhaidon Press Limited, London (GB)
      Regarding BeautyHirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Washington DC (US)
      Negotiating Small TruthsJack S. Blanton Museum of Art, The University of Texas, Austin (US) - text by DI MEO CARLOZZI Annette
      Trouble Spot. PaintingMuhka / NICC, Antwerp (BE) - texts by JARTON Cyril, PEETERS Wim, REUST Hans Rudolf, GEYSKENS Vincent
      De VerzamelingLudion / SMAK, Ghent (BE) - texts by HOET Jan, DE KEYZER Laurens, COMMANDEUR Ingrid, JACOBS Steven, ROELANDT Els
  1998   The Centre Holds - Report from the Dutch art sceneGalery Gmurzynska, Cologne (DE) - text by FUCHS Rudi
      Eight People from EuropeThe Museum of Modern Art, Gumma (JP) - text by FLETCHER Anne
      The CollectionDe Pont Stichting voor hedendaagse kunst, Tilburg (NL) - text by DRIESSEN Hendrik, PELSERS Lisette
      Coutts Contemporary Art Awards: Stan Douglas, Marlene Dumas, Edward RuschaCoutts Bank Ltd., Zürich (CH)
      Au fil du trait, de Matisse à Basquiat - oeuvres sur papier du Centre Georges Pompidou, Musée national d’art moderneEditions du Centre Pompidou, Paris (FR) - texts by TOSATTO Guy, MEZIL Eric
      S.M.A.K. in Watou - voor het verdwijnt en daarnaSMAK, Ghent (BE) - texts by HOET Jan, MANDELINCK Gwy
      Verzachtende omstandigheden. Wandtapijten in het Paleis van Justitie ‘s HertogenboschUitgeverij 010, Rotterdam (NL) - texts by HUISMAN J., KERKVLIET G., OOMS T., PATIJN W., RUTTEN J., VANDENHOVE Ch., de WISPELAERE P.
  1997   Museum van Hedendaagse Kunst Gent zu Gast im Kunstverein SchwerteKunstverein Schwerte (DE) - texts by HOET Jan, DE BAERE Bart, SCHADE Michael, WEINGARTEN Ulfried
      La Pittura Fiamminga e OlandesaRizzoli International Publications Inc., New York (US) - texts by FUCHS Rudi, HOET Jan, WOLFFRAM Dirk Jan, DE SCHAEPDRIJVER Sophie, VAN OS Henk, CALVESI Maurizio
  1996   VergezichtenMuseum Overholland / Teylers Museum, Haarlem (NL)
      94-95, Kunstwerken verworven door de Vlaamse Gemeenschap in 1994 en 1995Ministerie van de Vlaamse Gemeenschap, Brussels (BE) - texts by DE COCK Marc, MARTENS Luc
      Avant-première d’un muséeIstitut Néerlandais, Paris (FR) - texts by VEER Lionel , KEYMEULEN Rita, HOET Jan
      Nudo & crudo. Sensitive body, visible bodyClaudia Gian Ferrari Arte Contemporanea, Milano (IT)
  1995   Hedendaags Zuid-Afrika. 12 kunstenaars uit Zuid-AfrikaMuseum ‘t Coopmanshuis Franeker, Amsterdam (NL) - text by VAN DEN BERG Mariska
      Een collectie - Een keuze uit de verzameling van de ABN AMRO BankABN AMRO Bank (NL) - text by FUCHS Rudi
      Carnegie International of Contemporary ArtThe Carnegie Museum of Art, Pittsburgh (US)
      Ripple across the WaterOn Sundays, Shibuya-ku (JP)
      Contemporary painting of the low countriesFlemish-Netherlands Foundation Stichting Ons Erfdeel, Rekkem (BE) - texts by BEKKERS Ludo, STEGEMAN Elly
      Des Limites du tableau - Les Possibles de la PeintureMusée départemental de Rochechouart (FR) - texts by PREVOST Jean-Marc, HINDRY Ann
      Dumas. Roosen. Van WarmedamBiennale di Venezia. Giardini di Castello (Dutch Pavillion), Venice (IT) - texts by BANGMA Anke, VON GRAEVENITZ Antje, VERSCHAFFEL Bart, VAN WINKEL Camiel
      Identity and Alterity. Figures of the Body 1895-1995Marsilio Editori s.p.a., Venice (IT)
      La Biennale di Venezia - 46. esposizione internationale d’arteMarsilio Editori s.p.a., Venice (IT) - text by DERCON Chris
      Private / Public. Ars ‘95Museum of Contemporary Art - Finnish national Gallery, Helsinki (FI)
  1994   L’Orrizonte. Da Chagall a Picasso, da Pollock a CraggCastello di Rivoli, Museo d’ Arte Cotemporanea, Torino (IT)
      4 x 1 im AlbertinumStaatliche Kunstsammlungen, Dresden (DE) - texts by BISCHOFF Ulrich, KRONTHALER Helmut, PREUHS Sarrah
      L’Ottobre degli Olandesi - 12 solo shows by 12 contemporary Dutch artists in 11 Roman galleriesMondriaan Foundation, Amsterdam (NL) - text by TURNER Jonathan
      Dialogue with the OtherKunsthallen brandts Klaedefabrik, Odense (DK) - text by DUMAS Marlene
      Du concept à l’image. Art Pays-Bas XXè siècleMusée d’Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris (FR)
  1993   The 21st Century / Das 21. JahrhundertKunsthalle Basel (CH)
      Der Zerbrochene Spiegel - Positionen zur MalereiKunstBuchDienst, Murr (DE) - text by SCHAFFNER Ingrid
      Land of Milk and HoneyProduzentengalerie, Hamburg (DE) - text by POHLEN Annelie
  1992   AHHA. Brain / Internal AffairsBeatrixziekenhuis, Gorinchem (NL) - text by FRANGENBERG Frank
      Documenta IXDocumenta, Kassel (DE)
      Ars Pro Domo. Zeirgenossische Kunst aus Kölner privatbesitzMuseum Ludwig, Cologne (DE)
      De Collectie / The Collection. Aankopen : Aquisitions. Stadsgalerij Heerlen 1986-1991Stadsgalerij Heerlen (NL) - text by BOTDEN Wil
  1991   Individu: Duiding. Verboden verbindingen + twijfelachtige verbandenKoninklijk Museum voor Schone Kunsten / Internationaal Cultureel Centrum, Antwerp (BE)
  1990   Inconsolable - An exhibition about PaintingLouver Gallery, New York (US) - text by CAMERON Dan
      The Origin of the SpeciesStaatgalerie Moderner Kunst, München (DE) - text by VON SONNENBURG Hubertus F.
  1988   NightfireDe Appel Foundation, Amsterdam (NL)
  1987   Een keuze - Hedendaagse kunst uit Europa / A choice - Contemporary art from EuropeStichting Kunstbeurs, Amsterdam (NL) - text by ROSKAM Mathilde
      hollands landschap / le paysage hollandaisMuseum Overholland, Amsterdam (NL)
      Art From EuropeTate Gallery, London (GB)
      Century 87. Today’s Art face with Amsterdam’s PastSchuttersgalerij, Amsterdams Historisch Museum, Amsterdam (NL)
      Adam Colton. Marlene Dumas. Daniël Groen. Martin van VredenGalerie Paul Andriesse, Amsterdam (NL)
  1986   6 Plasticiens Contemporains des Pays-BasMusée d'art Moderne Villeneuve d'Ascq (FR) - text by FUCHS Rudi
      Innovation und Tradition / Vernieuwing en Traditie. Niederländische Kunst der achtziger JahreBadischer Kunstverein, Karlsruhe (DE)
  1985   Original d’Amsterdam - Exposicio D’Art Contemporani HolandèsCentre Cultural de la Caixa, Barcelona (ES)
      Dichgans, Dujourie, Dumas, Foxcroft, de Goede, van Hemert, Iglesias, Klingelhöller, Luyten, Munoz, Porter, Sarmento, Schmidt Heins, Schmidt-Heins, VermeirenStedelijk Museum, Amsterdam (NL) - text by DE JONGE Piet
      René Daniëls, Marlene Dumas, Henk VischBarbara Jandrig Galerie, Krefeld (DE) - text by FUCHS Rudi
      Holanda 18th Bienal de Sao PauloStedelijk Museum Amsterdam (NL)
      Vijftien kunstenaarsVan Abbemuseum, Eindhoven (NL)
  1984   Ons Land Ligt Lager Dan De ZeeCentraal Museum, Utrecht (NL)
      1984 im toten WinkelKunstverein und Kunsthaus, Hamburg (DE)
      5th Biennale of SydneyBiennale of Sydney (AU)
  1983   On both sides of the meridian - The Lava - EdgeThe Living Art Museum, Teykjavik (IS)
      RestrisikoBonnefantenmuseum, Masstricht (NL)
      Veertien kunstenaars uit Nederland; Een keuze van Albert WaalkensMuseum Boijmans van Beuningen, Rotterdam (NL)


      ARKEN Museum for Moderne Kunst, Copenhagen (DE)
      Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago (US)
      Bawag Foundation, Vienna (AU)
      Carnegie Museum of Art, Pittsburgh, PA (US)
      Centraal Museum, Utrecht (NL)
      Centre Pompidou, Paris (FR)
      Centro de Artes Visuales Helga de Alvear, Caceres (ES)
      De Pont Stichting, Tilburg (NL)
      FRAC Picardie, Amiens (FR)
      Gemeentemuseum Den Haag, Den Haag (NL)
      ICA Boston, Boston, MA (US)
      Joods Historisch Museum, Amsterdam (NL)
      Kasteel Wijlre / Hedge House, Wijlre (NL)
      Krannert Art Museum and Kinhead Pavillion, Champaign (US)
      Kunsthalle Bielefeld, Bielefeld (DE)
      Kunsthalle zu Kiel der Christian-Albrecths-Universität, Kiel (DE)
      LA County Museum of Art, Los Angeles, CA (US)
      MOCA, Los Angeles, LA (US)
      MOMA, New York, NY (US)
      MuHKA, Museum of Contemporary Art, Antwerp (BE)
      Museum het Domein, Sittard (NL)
      Museum voor Moderne Kunst, Arnhem (NL)
      Modern and Contemporary Museum of Art, Strassbourg (CH)
      Nasher Museum of Art, Durham, NC (US)
      Paleis Vught, Vught (NL)
      Scheringa Museum voor Realisme, Spanbroek (NL)
      S.M.A.K., Museum of Contemporary Art, Ghent (BE)
      Stadsgalerij Heerlen, Heerlen (NL)
      Städtische Galerie beim ZKM, Karlsruhe (DE)
      Stedelijk Van Abbemuseum, Einhoven (NL)
      Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam (NL)
      Stedelijk Museum, Gouda (NL)
      Stedelijk Museum De Lakenhal, Leiden (NL)
      Stedelijk Museum Schiedam, Schiedam (NL)
      The Saatchi Gallery, London (GB)
      Tate Modern, London (UK)